What is OBE? – Concept
OBE (Outcome-Based Education) is an approach that focuses on the attainment of intended learning outcomes where students develop behaviors that are authentic to their discipline and are assessed holistically within the context of their learning.
OBE clearly focuses and organizes everything in an educational system around what is essential for all students to be able to do successfully at the end of their learning experiences. This means starting with a clear picture of what is important for all students to be able to do, then organizing curriculum (outcome), instruction (activity), and assessment to make sure this learning ultimately happens. (Spady, 1994)
Requirement from Qualification Bodies / Professional Bodies
Undergraduate curriculum needs to be transformed into adopting OBE in accordance with requirements from:
• Malaysian Qualifications Framework (MQF) of Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA)
• Malaysia Education Blueprint (2015 – 2025) Higher Education (MEB – HE)
• Engineering Accreditation Council (EAC), Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM) (Malaysia is the signatory of Washington Accord in 2009)
PEOs describe the expected achievements of graduates in their career and professional life a few years after graduation (3 – 5 years).
POs refer to statements that describe what the students should have achieved by graduation time by addressing Cognitive (C), Psychomotor (P), and Affective.
COs are statements that describe what students are expected to know and be able to perform or attain upon completion of a course.
An online system, named as eOBE Management System, is developed to monitor students’ achievement at course and programme levels.